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1 Introduction of Liuzhou  
 
 
Introduction of Liuzhou
 
 Overview of Liuzhou City

Liuzhou, located in the northeast of the central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and belonging to the northern edge of the subtropical zone, has long and hot summers while short but not cold winters here with plentiful rainfall, abundant sunlight and long frost-free period, as well as rich products, beautiful scenery and unique landscape as a multi-ethnic city while also a national famous historical and cultural city and a national sanitary city.

By 2017, Liuzhou has a jurisdiction over such districts as Chengzhong, Liubei, Yufeng, Liunan, Liujiang (on January 6, Liujiang was officially transformed from a county to be a district) and such counties as Liucheng, Luzhai, Rongan as well as Rongshui Miao Autonomous County and Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County. The total area of Liuzhou is 18,600 square kilometers, of which the urban area is 3554.03 square kilometers (with the built area of 225.09 square kilometers), and the total population is 3,866,000, of which the urban population is 1,796,800, while that of ethnic minorities is 2,180,600, accounting for 56.4% of the total population of Liuzhou. There are 47 ethnic groups including as Zhuang, Han, Miao, Dong and Yao etc., among which such 8 ethnic groups as Zhuang, Han, Dong, Miao, Yao, Hui, Shui and Mulao are the native inhabitants (Zhuang, the autonomous ethnic group of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is given the first priority, and other ethnic groups are arranged in a descending order in light of the population by the end of the recording year).

Liuzhou is the largest industrial city in Guangxi. After decades of accumulation and development, Liuzhou’s industry has developed into a modern industrial system with three pillar industries including automobile, machinery and metallurgy as the leader, focusing on the co-development of such co-existing competitive industries as sugar-making, food, textile, tobacco, paper-making, pharmaceuticals, chemical, building materials and daily chemical, etc., and the boost of such strategic emerging industries as new material, new energy auto, energy-saving and environmental protection, advanced equipment manufacturing and electronic information, biology and pharmaceuticals, etc. Liuzhou is a regional manufacturing city radiating the greater southwest, facing the east, south coast and the southeast Asia, and the only city simultaneously with complete auto production bases of four major automotive groups in China. Furthermore, it has a national automotive parts production base, a national automotive & parts export base and the largest iron and steel base in south and southwest China. In Liuzhou, there are a number of superior enterprises and famous brand products with strong competitiveness and high market share at home and abroad, with such industrial and service products as Liugong loaders, SAIC-GM-Wuling automobiles, Baojun automobiles, Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor automobiles, Yufeng cement, Liangmianzhen toothpaste, Golden Throat Lozenge, Liuzhou river snails rice noodle which are renowned both at home and abroad.

Liuzhou is an important railway hub linking southwest and south central, eastern and southern China as the intersection of Hunan-Guangxi, Guizhou-Guangxi, Jiaozuo-Liuzhou railways and Hengyang-Liuzhou High-speed Railway and Liunan Intercity Railway (also known as Liunan Passenger Dedicated Line); it is one of the 45 main highway hub cities in China, with various expressways including Guilin-Beihai, Yizhou-Liuzhou, Liuzhou-Wuxuan, Sanjiang-Liuzhou, Liuzhou-Wuzhou, Sanjiang-Guilin, etc. passing through the territory; Liujiang River shipping can be upstream to Guizhou Province, downstream to Guiping and Wuzhou of Guangxi, Zhaoqing, Foshan, Guangzhou of Guangdong as well as Hong Kong, Macao; and the air routes have opened to Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Xi'an, Guiyang, Haikou, Kunming, Qingdao, Xiamen, Zhuhai, Wenzhou and Jieyang, etc.

In 2017, the masses of all ethnic groups in Liuzhou learned and implemented the spirit of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth National Congresses of the CPC and Xi Jinping's socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era to closely link to the new mission of "Three Major Orientations", and the new requirements of "Five ‘Solidly’” for Guangxi with promoting structural reform on the supply side as the main line and transformation and upgrading of industries, cultivation of strategic emerging industries as the main target, lay the focus of economic development on the real economy, accelerate the construction of modern industrial system, resolutely fight the three tough battles respectively of industrial transformation and upgrading, infrastructure construction and precise poverty alleviation. Its annual GDP reached CNY 275.56 billion, an increase of 7.1% over the previous year; the total industrial output continued to increase, with a total industrial output value of CNY 502.522 billion and an added industrial value of CNY 131.058 billion contributed by above scale companies, ranking first in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region; the output of automobiles reached 2.05 million, creating a new record; the output value of iron and steel industry reached CNY 90.138 billion, an increase of 9.1% over the previous year, and; the output value of machinery industry reached CNY 40.848 billion, an increase of 21.4%. The development of the tertiary industry accelerated, with an added value of CNY 107.907 billion, an increase of 11.6% over the previous year, accounting for 39.2% of Liuzhou's regional GDP, an increase of 1.4% over the previous year. The quality competitiveness index of manufacturing industry was 84.22, higher than the national average, and Liuzhou has become the first demonstration city with strong quality in Guangxi.

New achievements had been made in transportation construction. In 2017, Liuzhou Railway Station's capacity expansion and renovation project progressed smoothly; the West Station Building was put into operation on March 1, and the electrification project of Huaihua-Liuzhou section of Jiao-Liu Railway started. Three expressways respectively Sanjiang - Liuzhuo, Wuzhou - Liuzhou, Guilin - Sanjiang were opened to traffic, and all counties of Liuzhou had opened the entrance to expressway.

Cultural and sports causes prospered. In 2017, there were more than 60 performances of Liuzhou's dancing poem Dong and the songs of the ethnic minority Great Folk Songs of Guangxi were presented on the stage at home and abroad, and the folk music drama White Lotus (Bailian) premiered after adaptation. Cultural activities such as “Monthly Show of Chinese Excellent Dramas", “Weekly Show of Liu Sanjie's Grand Stage" and "Masses’ Arts Hit Grass-roots, Joy Fills Numerous Houses" continue to benefit the people. “2017 Liuzhou-World IRONMAN Triathlon & Qualification for the IRONMAN World Championship", “2007 Liuzhou International Aquatic Carnival", "Around-Guangxi Highway Cycling World Tour (Liuzhou Section), “2017 Liuzhou SAIC-GM-Wuling Cup International Aquatic-Speed Competition in 2017” were held successively. In addition, new developments had also taken place to the Cultural Center, museums and free access of the Library, news publishing, newspapers, radio, television and new media, etc.

The education cause continued to develop. In 2017, four new kindergartens were built in Liuzhou, with 50 classes and 1500 quotas newly added; 11 compulsory education schools were newly built and renovated, with 341 classes and 15,900 quotas newly added. The administrative reform of school-district system for compulsory education had been promoted in three forms, respectively, grouping operation of schools, alliance of school districts and assistance by pairing, and the situation of "large class size" and "school choice fever" in compulsory education stage had been amended. All the 10 counties (districts) had passed the assessment and inspection on the balanced development of compulsory education carried out by Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, among which, Luzhai County, Liubei District, Chengzhong District, Yufeng District and Liunan District further passed the national assessment and identification.

The living standards of the people had improved. In 2017, the per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents in Liuzhou was CNY 32,661 and CNY 12,151, an increase of 7.9% and 9.4% respectively over the previous year. Financial expenditure input for the people's livelihood security accounted for 80% of the total expenditure. Employment and entrepreneurship, medical and health care, social security and other security levels in Liuzhou continued to raise, and citizens' sense of gain had improved.

(Local Chronicles Office of Liuzhou)

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